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Follow the steps below to safely use the gas and LPG appliances in your caravan or motorhome.
LPG installations in caravans and motorhomes
- All gasfitting work on a caravan must be carried out by an authorised person (usually a licensed gasfitter).
- All new gasfitting (including alterations) must comply with AS/NZS 5601.2: 2010 Gas installations – LP Gas Installations in caravans and boats for non-propulsive purposes.
- When the gasfitting work has been completed the gasfitter should issue you with a Gas Safety Certificate which certifies that the work is compliant and safe to use.
Simple safety rules
- Remember LPG is heavier that air and will collect at the lowest spot available.
- Keep a fire extinguisher handy.
- A woollen blanket can help smother a fat fire.
- Refrigerators and water heaters in caravans and motorhomes must be correctly flued.
- Never use a cooker as a space heater.
- Portable appliances such as heaters and lanterns must never be used inside caravans or motorhomes as they may create carbon monoxide gas.
- Make sure all appliances are adequately ventilated.
Tips for safe use of LPG cylinders
- Never use damaged or corroded cylinders – this can lead to leaks and fire. Check cylinders by the date stamp. By law, cylinders must be tested every ten years. See your supplier for details.
- Always store and use cylinder upright. Laying a cylinder or its side may allow liquid LPG to escape. The liquid LPG will rapidly expand into a large amount of gas vapour, creating an explosion hazard.
- Cylinders should be housed in a suitable enclosure that will vent any gas that escapes away from the cabin and sources of ignition.
- When storing a caravan or motorhome, make sure you turn off the cylinder valve and then turn off all appliances.
- Check cylinder for dents or corrosion, especially around the base.
- Never attempt to repair or remove cylinder valves.
- Never expose cylinder to extreme heat.
- Never incinerate an ‘empty’ LPG cylinder. It may explode.
- Never try to fill your own cylinder. Only trained persons using special equipment can do so safely.
Tips for safe use of LPG appliances
- Check copper tubing for dents, kinks and corrosion.
- Check all hoses regularly for signs of cracking, fraying or splitting.
- Check for the strong LPG odour. This could be a gas leak.
- Check the flame on any burner. If it is yellow instead of blue, the appliance needs servicing by a competent service-person.
- If you smell fumes, your eyes sting, or you become dizzy and nauseous while an appliance is on, turn it off immediately. Have it serviced by a competent service-person.
- No LPG appliance should be used when a caravan is travelling.
- Check all appliances are turned off when the towing vehicle is being refuelled.
- Check appliances for rust or corrosion.
- Use soapy water applied by brush or spray to check for leaks. Never use a flame.
- Apart from room sealed appliances and refrigerators, never operate a gas appliance when occupants are sleeping.
- Check all vents are clear. Lack of ventilation can kill.
- Dial 111 to call the Fire Service. Tell them an LPG cylinder is involved.
- Tell everyone to leave the premises and go to a safe place well away from the installation.
- If it is safe to do so, turn off all LPG valves.
- Turn off the cylinder valve.
- Clear the area of bystanders.
- Turn off all appliances, and ventilate the caravan or motorhome. Don’t operate any electrical switches until the air is clear.